Good oral hygiene is important not only for your gums and teeth, but also for the rest of your body. Gum disease and other oral health problems have been known to lead to bacteria spreading to other parts of the body, including the heart. There are five types of gum disease you must prevent.


The most common form of gum disease, gingivitis, is the mildest stage which results in red and swollen gums that may bleed when you brush your teeth. It often occurs due to a lack of good oral hygiene, but can be reversed with professional treatment and improved oral health habits.


When gingivitis is left untreated, bleeding gums can turn into even more serious symptoms such as infection, gums pulling away from the teeth, chronic bad breath and even tooth or jawbone loss. These symptoms are known as periodontitis, which occurs in four forms.

  • Chronic periodontitis: The most common form of periodontitis, the disease is considered chronic when inflammation and bone loss is ongoing, but slow.
  • Aggressive periodontitis: Aggressive periodontitis can occur when the patient is otherwise healthy and includes rapid deterioration of the gums, teeth and jawbone.
  • Necrotizing periodontitis: When periodontitis necrotizes, it means that necrosis is occurring in the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and gingival tissues. This commonly occurs in HIV patients or those who are malnourished.
  • Periodontitis as a symptom: Sometimes people suffer from periodontitis as a symptom of another disease. This includes diabetes, heart disease or respiratory disease.

Prevention of Gum Disease

You can prevent gum disease by practicing good oral health, including brushing with dentist-approved tools at least twice per day and flossing daily. Avoid smoking and sugary foods when possible and visit your dentist regularly.

Celebrate National Gum Care Month

September is National Gum Care Month. Celebrate with our staff by scheduling a checkup. Call our periodontists at 866-910-1998 so we can treat your gum disease in Nashville, TN.